About Andrew Xia

Andrew Xia joined Covance in 2011. He was previously at IMS Consulting in New York, Pfizer in St. Lous and Heron Evidence Development in the UK. He has lead projects in value communication, pricing, revenue modeling, HE modeling, HTA submissions and innovative market solutions. He is an abstract reviewers and poster / podium judge for ISPO as well as a guest lecturer at the University of Michigan. Andrew graduated with a degree in Economics and Biological Sciences from Northwestern University in Chicago.

Market Access in Asia: What Role for Health Economics?

market-access-in-asiaThe pharmaceutical, medical device and diagnostics industries are very interested in the changing market access landscape in South and East Asia because of the vast commercial potential of this area. This region has a large proportion of the world’s population (~60%), a 2011 gross domestic product (GDP) growth that is almost triple the average of Europe and North America, and a huge opportunity for improvements in healthcare.

Market access requirements
Current market access requirements vary considerably among the countries in South and East Asia. Many of them – including China and India – do not have any formal comparative effectiveness or health economic criteria for national pricing and reimbursement submissions. Health economics generally plays a minor role in their decision-making. Continue reading

Price Disparity: Will It Ever Truly Disappear?

price-disparity-cma

Geographic price disparity between pharmaceutical products exists due to the variation in national economies and the unique ways that each country determines the price of pharmaceuticals. Price disparity still exists even in areas of “free trade” or in a single combined market of multiple countries, such as the European Union. This has led to parallel trade, where products are purchased in countries with lower prices and sold in those with higher prices. The fact that such disparities can develop seems contrary to the concept of a simple, free market, and it raises the question of whether price disparity will ever truly disappear.

The principle of free trade and tariff-free access to economic goods across borders is a founding principle of the EU and other regional trade agreements. Therefore, the continued existence of legal parallel trade combined with international referencing could lead to the end of price disparity, with prices converging to an average regional price. Continue reading