Immuno-Oncology Studies

Emerging immuno-oncology therapies: life after checkpoint inhibitors

The clinical approval of biological therapeutics inhibiting CTLA-4 (ipilimumab), PD-1 (nivolumab, pembrolizumab) and PD-L1 (atezolizumab, avelumab, durvalumab) has ushered in a revolution in the field of cancer immunotherapy. Thus far, the approvals have occurred in a small number of cancer histotypes including melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer and urothelial cancers, …