Regional Availability of and Reimbursement Models for Biologic Therapies to Treat RA Patients with Moderate to Severe Disease

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease primarily affecting the musculoskeletal system with typical symptoms including swollen and painful joints, joint stiffness and loss of function, ultimately leading to disability if untreated. RA also has significant systemic features in many patients that appreciably impact upon their quality of life, including …

ELISPOT Assay: A Powerful Tool in Vaccine Development and Immune Monitoring

Over the past several years, the scientific community has made tremendous progress in advancing our understanding of the immune system, from the basic functions of its various components to molecular pathways that operate within those components. With new, state-of-the-art tools and technologies, immunologists now have the ability to better understand the …